In our country, firewood is the solid fuel most used to perform specific tasks such as cooking food and heating, therefore, in order to perform detailed analysis of life cycle (LCA) of the use of firewood in the sector Rural in Mexico, under the direction of the IIES-UNAM Researchers René Martínez Bravo and Alfredo Fuentes Gutiérrez, during the months of March and April of this year data was collected in the field on the traditional system of firewood use in the Municipality of Ajuno , Michoacán with the support of the project technicians: Biol. Pavka Patiño, M. in C. Ana Laura Morales, Dr. Ricardo Musule and M. in C. Rosa María Gallardo.
With the information obtained, it is sought to describe the chain of supply of firewood in traditional uses of a rural community, identifying the inputs and outputs of energy and the stages in which CO 2 emissions are produced.
We also want to know what would be the carbon mitigation obtained for the substitution of the end-use device, to change the use of traditional stoves for efficient stoves of firewood. Up to now the results of this project financed by the SENER, the Energy Sustainability Fund and the CONACYT show that, in Ajuno, Michoacán, There is a proportion of people who self-supply firewood from their forest reserve area manually, the transport used by those who collect firewood is mainly the same people, donkeys or horses. However, the patterns of use have changed, since families do not use 100% firewood, but also use LP gas, the use of 100% firewood prevails in the elderly.