Wood chips are well suited to meet energy needs for space heating and hot water in buildings, communities, or campuses, and displace conventional fossil fuels, such as oil, propane, natural gas and electricity. As a renewable, locally available low carbon fuel source, wood chips are also a less costly option compared to fossil fuels. According to NRCan’s Canadian Bioheat survey results, the biomass heating sector in the commercial and institutional market in Canada has been demonstrating strong growth over the last two decades: 400+ bioheat installations in 2018 compared to 66 in 2011 and only 5 in 2000. Almost half of the existing bioheat installations are using wood chips as their primary fuel.

A new CSA SPE 2254:19 Guide to Wood Chip fuel: Characteristics, supply, storage and procurement was published in May 2019. This first edition of the guide was developed under the CSA banner with technical guidance from Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) and industry stakeholders. The guide aims to build confidence in an emerging market by linking players in the wood chip fuel supply chain and to become a communication tool by bringing common terminology and language to the marketplace. It is available for online purchasing at CSA web site store.csagroup.org.

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